NFS (Network File Share) is a protocol that allow you to share directory with other machine via network. A machine that share the directory to other machine called NFS Server, a machine that use the remote directory is called NFS client. In this tutorial, we will show you how to install an NFS server.
Before start, we make sure that we will have no permission issue on the configuration.
First we need to install dependecy library
apt update && apt install nfs-kernel-server
Create a Directory to Share
This directory will be shared among the NFS client. In linux this is called the export directory. You can create a directory anywhere, for example:
mkdir -p /nfs/share
Remove any restriction in this directory
chown -R nobody:nogroup /nfs/share chmod -R 777 /nfs/share
Configure NFS Server
A configuration is needed in the NFS server, so the client can detect the directory path that is shareable. To do that, open
Add this line of code
/nfs/share <expected client ip/subnet>(rw,sync,no_subtree_check)
<expected client ip/subnet> to match your expected NFS client IP / Subnet. For example, if we expect an NFS client in subnet
192.168.5.0/24 in the future, then we can write
Or if we want to accept connection from anywhere, we can just put a wildcard (
*). Note that this is not good practice from security perpective.
After configure what directory to be shared, we just need to run this command
And restart NFS server
systemctl restart nfs-kernel-server
Thats it! Congratulation, now you know how to setup nfs server in ubuntu. If you want to mount your NFS client to the server you just created, please check my other tutorial here: How to Mount Directory to NFS Server